Derogation from grant by way of illegal easement, and the right to peaceful enjoyment of property, make for a brief and yet divisive matter, when two leaseholders seek to enforce their own entitlements in the courts.
Having recently acquired tenancy in a shared building, the respondent took steps to reduce her portion of the property, in exchange for subletting to an additional tenant.
In order for this to work, it was proposed by the leaseholder to the landlord, that an iron external staircase would allow for access when the using the room created.
The landlord raised no objections, and so the work went ahead as planned.
Having rented the ground floor of the same building, the claimant’s privacy was impinged upon, as the staircase was erected between two of her bedroom windows.
This translated that the sub-tenant using the stairs was now afforded a clear view into those rooms.
Under the terms of the lease, the landlord was under obligation not to derogate from the arrangement, which included an agreement that no tenant would suffer, or cause to suffer, another tenant any nuisance or reduction of the view to the outside gardens while in occupancy.
As was clear from the location and purpose of the staircase, the claimant was now placed into a position where she either installed blinds or curtains to restrict the view, or argued that the imposition and loss of light resulting from them had constituted a breach of agreement on the part of the landlord.
Upon litigation, the court heard about, and fully appreciated, the invasive nature of the staircase, but when relying upon similar case precedent, there was insufficient evidence to suggest that the invasion of privacy amounted to total loss of the views provided for by the outside gardens, or any enjoyment of natural light.
It was held instead, that the change in circumstances proved mere inconvenience at particular times of the day and little more.
It was also held that while the terms of the lease prevented any use of the property beyond that of private tenants, the staircase had been built upon adjoining land, and not that used and paid for by the tenants, therefore it fell beyond the scope of claim.
In closing, the judge awarded in favour of the respondents, before noting that the landlord had only consented with the erection of the staircase on the respondent’s assurances that the claimant had raised no objections; therefore, there had been misrepresentation as to any disagreement prior to their installation, and so no order for her costs were made, while the court reminded the parties that:
“[I]f the grant or demise be made for a particular purpose, the grantor or lessor comes under an obligation not to use the land retained by him in such a way as to render the land granted or demised unfit or materially less fit for the particular purpose for which the grant or demise was made.”